Mitigating Risk with Cryptography

Write a 2750 word research oriented paper in APA format that focuses on security engineering, the paper must include the below references and answers the below questions:

What is cryptography and why is it needed:
What are the main areas of cryptographic algorithms and protocols?
How is cryptography used in cybersecurity?

Anderson, R. (2008). Security engineering: A guide to building dependable distributed systems. Wiley Publishing.

Callas, J. (2007). The future of Cryptography. Information Systems Security, 16(1), 1522.

Chamola, V., Jolfaei, A., Chanana, V., Parashari, P., & Hassija, V. (2021). Information security in the Post Quantum era for 5G and beyond networks: Threats to existing cryptography, and post-quantum cryptography. Computer Communications, 176, 99118.

Kapoor, B., Pandya, P., & Sherif, J. S. (2011). Cryptography. Kybernetes, 40(9/10), 14221439.

Nemati, H. R., & Yang, L. (2011). Applied Cryptography for Cyber Security and defense: Information encryption and cyphering. Information Science Reference.

Richards, K. (2021, September 27). What is cryptography? definition from searchsecurity. SearchSecurity. Retrieved January 20, 2022, from

Saydjari, O. S. (2018). Engineering trustworthy systems: Get cybersecurity design right the first time. McGraw-Hill Education.

Stallings, W. (2017). Cryptography and network security: Principles and practice. Pearson Prentice Hall.