criminal defense

Review the history of criminal defense. Describe the various types of defense attorneys and discuss their benefits. Discuss the four ethical dilemmas defense attorneys face. Why are defense attorneys essential to the adversarial system


For the Professor Questions students will answer the assigned question using the formatting expectations listed below.

Content Expectations

  • You have to provide a detailed and exhaustive answer to the question you choose.
  • Your main source of information should be the textbook. If you use any other sources, you need to use academic sources.

Length Expectations

  • Papers must be at least 500 words
  • Please state the word count at the end of the paper.

General Formatting Expectations

  • Paper must contain page numbers, headings and subheadings. Page numbers should be located in the top of the page, indented right.
  • The question you chose to answer should be stated in the top of the first page of the paperNot in the cover page.
  • You should use 12 Times New Roman or 12 Arial as the font of your paper (12 Times New Roman preferred).
  • Margins: One-inch top, bottom, left, and right
  • Use paragraphs to divide the different ideas in the paper.

APA 7th Edition Cover page Expectations

  • Paper must contain a cover page formatted following the guidelines of APA 7th Edition

APA 7th Edition in-text citation Expectations

  • When you are writing a paper in APA style, you must cite the source of the information you are including in the paper in-text by using the author-date citation method. By naming the author and the date of the work you are citing in your in-text citation, you are avoiding plagiarism problems with your paper.

Type of Citation

Narrative Format

Parenthetical Format

One work by one author

Smith (2007)

(Smith, 2007)

One work by two authors

Smith and Allen (2004)

(Smith & Allen, 2004)

One work by three or more authors

Smith et al. (1999)

(Smith et al., 1999)

APA 7th Edition Reference Page Expectations

  • Remember, you have to cite every piece of information that came from an external source, whether or not it is in your own words. Everything cited in the text mustappear in the reference list, and everything in your reference list must be something you have referred to in text. Make sure you do not have anything in one place that is not in the other.
  • The reference list starts on a new page, after your assignment and before any appendices. Place the word “References”, centered, at the top of the page. APA does not require other formatting for the title of your reference page (like bold or underlined),.
  • Each entry in the reference list has a hanging indent, so that the first line of the entry is flush with the left margin, but all other lines are indented (this is the opposite of the paragraph structure in the body of your essay). You can do this easily by selecting your references, and pressing Ctrl + T on a PC, or Command () + T on a Mac.

Additional Expectations

  • Do not use direct quotes; Rather, paraphrase.
  • Do not use first person, slang, contractions, and an informal tone in the paper.
  • Remember that your paper will be reviewed for plagiarism by the Turnitin software. Please do not plagiarize from any sources as this program will detect it and you will be severely penalized. 
  • If you need assistance after you write a draft of your paper, please visit the Writing Center. This service is available to online students. 
  • If you have any questions, you can email me at 


Grading Rubric:

Your assignment will be graded according to the Grading Rubric.  For further explanation, please see the Grading Rubric by scrolling down to the bottom of the page.